There is nothing profound in this medieval sculpturebut it invented a set of rhythms and textures which make archaic Greek sculpture look pedestrian by comparison. The art and architecture reflects differences between the Roman Catholic religion which develops in the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox religion which thrived in the East, in the Byzantium Empire.
The emperor was not only the ruler of his people but God's representative on earth. It is remarkable that Constantine, in order to justify his position, formally referred to the authority of the first six councils; for him, iconoclasm was not a new doctrine but the logical outcome of the Christological debates of the previous centuries.
The bodies are flat, and the magnificent robes do not seem to cover any solid shapes. The strange, ghostly face under a heavy hood makes us feel that we are looking at a being from another world.
Frescoes and mosaics were often displayed one-dimensionally and would represent religious figures that were had solemn gazes to imply respect and tradition. Byzantine ceramics were relatively crude, as pottery was never used at the tables of the rich, who ate off Byzantine silver. With these two innovations, buildings could construct lighter and taller buildings that ever before.
Like earlier crusades, it had been organized to fight the Turks in the Holy Land. See, for instance, the Byzantine-influenced Garima Gospels from Ethiopia's Abba Garima Monastery, the world's most ancient illuminated Christian manuscripts.
According to Vladimir Lossky, Dionysius, far from being "a Platonist with a tinge of Christianity," is the very opposite: Byzantine ceramics were relatively crude, as pottery was never used at the tables of the rich, who ate off Byzantine silver.
Mosaic, unlike paint, is a rigid, inflexible medium; it imposes a fierce discipline on the artist who uses it. The characteristics of divinity and humanity express themselves "in communion with each other" Chalcedonian definitionand human actions, "energies," have God Himself as their personal agent.
It must be said however that this total nature was contemplated in an individual manner — [for how otherwise could it have been seen. The Byzantine art style would become a foundation for the future medieval art styles. Constantine devoted great effort to the decoration of Constantinople, adorning its public spaces with ancient statuary,  and building a forum dominated by a porphyry column that carried a statue of himself.
Joannou, "Der Nominalismus und die menschliche Psychologic Christi: In the dome there is a large picture of Christ. But the drastic measures taken by Justinian in excluding both, pagans and non-Orthodox Christians, from the teaching profession and in closing the pagan University of Athens must have emphasized that the role of secular studies in Christian Byzantium was purely ancillary.
Influence The impact of the Byzantine style on later developments in European art was profound. Pudenziana in Romerather like an informal meeting of the Roman Senate. The Byzantine Church remained fundamentally faithful to the notion of what George Florovsky once called an "asymmetrical union" of God and man in Christ: The patterns of vines, birds, and beasts are wonderful examples of the Byzantine craftsman's creativeness in making a rich and exciting pattern.
One of the most important genres of Byzantine art was the iconan image of Christ, the Virgin, or a saint, used as an object of veneration in Orthodox churches and private homes alike.
It needed the stimulus of a state-protected religion, and the consequent appearance of a set of state-approved churches to give such art a dwelling-place.
For the first years of the Byzantine Empire, artists worked in the same style as the artists of ancient Greece and Rome. Because the art was still based on that of the old classical world, these years are called the Late Antique period.
Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire, traditionally considered the epitome of Byzantine art, to a related style known as Bristol Byzantine was popular for industrial buildings which combined elements of the Byzantine style with Moorish architecture. Byzantine art originated and evolved from the Christianized Greek culture of the Eastern Roman Empire; content from both Christianity and classical Greek mythology were artistically expressed through Hellenistic modes of style and iconography.
The art of Byzantium never lost sight of its classical heritage; the Byzantine capital, Constantinople, was adorned with a large number of classical. The style that characterized Byzantine art was almost entirely concerned with religious expression; specifically with the translation of church theology into artistic terms.
Byzantine Architecture and painting (little sculpture was produced during the Byzantine era) remained uniform and anonymous.
Mannerism: Mannerism, (from maniera, “manner,” or “style”), artistic style that predominated in Italy from the end of the High Renaissance in the s to the beginnings of the Baroque style around The Mannerist style originated in Florence and Rome and spread to.
Byzantine art: Byzantine art, architecture, paintings, and other visual arts produced in the Middle Ages in the Byzantine Empire (centred at Constantinople) and in various areas that came under its influence.
The pictorial and architectural styles that characterized Byzantine art, first codified in the 6th.The byzantine style of art developed in